Tag Archives: bluetooth

P1010062

Remote Fireworks Launcher

P1010062

The goal of this project was to use a tablet computer to remotely ignite fireworks. The components of the system include:

A bluetooth serial profile is used to wirelessly communicate between the tablet and the control box. For this reason an Android tablet (Motorola XOOM) was used because iOS did not support the serial profile on bluetooth. This provides a range of about 10 yards between the operator with the tablet and the control box. Cabling between the control box and launch box and then launch box to ignites provides an additional 10-20 feet.

Click on the links above for details of each section.

Photo Jul 06, 9 46 27 PM

Fireworks Tablet App

Photo Jul 06, 9 46 27 PM

This Android app is the UI for the Fireworks launcher project. Each igniter is represented by a circular button.

UI Description

The row color & outer circle color correspond to the cable bundle & wire color codes respectively. The names of the firework appear in the upper part of the circle and the connection status in the bottom. A green center indicates the igniter status is online, blue have been marked as ignited.

To trigger an ignition, the operator presses the center of a button and drags the finger outward until the outer circle turns red. The further away the finger is dragged the faster a pulsing ring will animate until the distance is sufficient to launch and the outer circle changes to red. Releasing the finger at this point will trigger an ignition sequence. To cancel the touch, the operator can drag the finger closer to the start point until the outer circle turns back to green. Ignite indicatorOnce triggered, the button will flash red/white as long as the igniter is powered (5 seconds by default).

Code Segments

The bluetooth device ID is hard coded in the sources. This was found by browsing for the device with the SENA BTerm app and viewing the properties. When the Connect button is pressed, a connection is made using the bluetooth stack. code segments below.

import android.bluetooth.BluetoothAdapter;
import android.bluetooth.BluetoothDevice;
import android.bluetooth.BluetoothSocket;

    private BluetoothAdapter _bluetooth = BluetoothAdapter.getDefaultAdapter();
    private BluetoothDevice _btdevice;
    private BluetoothSocket _btsock = null;

   OnClickListener mConnectListener = new OnClickListener() {
        public void onClick(View v) {
            _bluetooth.enable();
            _btdevice = _bluetooth.getRemoteDevice("00:12:03:09:70:20");
    		try {
    			ParcelUuid[] uuids = _btdevice.getUuids();
    			_btsock = _btdevice.createInsecureRfcommSocketToServiceRecord (UUID.fromString("00001101-0000-1000-8000-00805F9B34FB"));
    			_btsock.connect();
    		} catch (IOException e) {
    			// TODO Auto-generated catch block
    			e.printStackTrace();
    		}
        }
    };

// when ready to launch
String out = String.format("Launch %d", activeLaunch);
_btsock.getOutputStream().write(out.getBytes());
_btsock.getOutputStream().write(13);

Interpreting the return status stream of data. Each character represents an ignition status that is set into the button state for color coding and animation.

for (int i = 0; i < acount; i++) {
  String arg = args[i];
  if (arg.length() > 0) {
    // first char should be [
    if (arg.charAt(0) != '[') continue;
    int sysstate = arg.charAt(1) - '0';
    FireLaunch.this.controlStatus = sysstate;
    int arglen = arg.length();
    for (int b = 0; b < buttonCount; b++)
    {
      int buttonState = (b < arglen) ? arg.charAt(b + 2) : 2;
      LaunchButton lb = (LaunchButton) MainLayout.findViewWithTag("Button" + Integer.toString(b));
      int displayState = 0;
      switch (buttonState) {
        case '0' : displayState = 3; break; // ready
        case '1' : displayState = 10; break; // launching
        case '2' : displayState = 2; break; // control error/offline
      }
      if (lb != null) lb.setState(displayState);
    }
    lastCloseFrame = SystemClock.elapsedRealtime();
    argIndex++;
  }
}
Control Box

Fireworks Control Box

Control Box

This control box receives commands wirelessly via bluetooth and sends commands to the ignition boxes. It is based on the Arduino Mega. A lesser microcontroller can be used, this was chosen due to availability and multiple UART ports. Having more than one will allow the serial bluetooth to stay connected during reprogramming.

The components of this box are

  • Arduino Mega 2560 
  • 2-line display for debugging, status information
  • Break-out board for connections and bluetooth adapter
  • 12V lead-acid battery to power the controller box as well as all the ignition boxes
  • RGB LED strip for status indication & fun

Controller Annotated

Code Overview

The Arduino Mega is programmed using the standard Arduino IDE with the Wire library to communicate to the ignition boxes and LiquidCrystal library for the display.

Setup configures the serial ports, LCD pin configurations, Wire configuration as a master device. In the main loop, read a character from the bluetooth serial port and check for a completed command ending in CR or LF characters. If a command is received, display it, scrolling up to display it. If it is a launch command, call the function to trigger the numbered igniter. Also monitor for a heartbeat and go offline if haven’t received a signal from the tablet in 4 seconds.

When a trigger command is received, the TriggerPin method is called. This will use the Wire library to send a command to the corresponding ignition box to activate the pin for 5 seconds.

Every second the status of every igniter is sent back to the tablet so it can display which outputs are active. A sequence of 100 characters are sent back with ‘0’ = off, ‘1’ = on or ‘2’ for unknown. The sequence is padded out to 100 if fewer igniter boxes are used. An additional code is sent for the controller status if any, and the whole sequence is enclosed in framing brackets ‘[]’.

The loop also handles color animations for the LED strip. The code currently starts up pulsing green, then flashes blue when a bluetooth connection is made. As long as there is a good connection, it will cycle red/white/blue colors. When any igniter is active, it will rapidly flash red and white.

Code Below

#include
#include

// LCD
LiquidCrystal lcd(22,28,29,27,25,23);
char line1[16];
char line2[16];
char line3[16];
int charpos = 0;
char welcome[] = "Ready";

// Serial Bluetooth
unsigned long timeLastSent = 0;
unsigned long timeLastReceived = 0;
boolean launchSequenceStarted = false;
int launchSequenceIndex = 0;
unsigned long timeLastSequence = 0;

// IC2
byte x[3];
boolean igniterOn[80];

enum cmds {
  CMD_WRITE = 1,
  CMD_WRITE_TIMED,
  CMD_STOP_ALL,
  CMD_READ_PINS
};

struct ic2cmd_write {
  byte addr;
  byte val;
};

struct ic2cmd_write_time {
  byte addr;
  int  time;
};

// PWM LED Strip Vars
int redPin = 4;
int greenPin = 3;
int bluePin = 2;
float stripHue = 0;
float currentRed = 0;
float currentGreen = 0;
float currentBlue = 0;
int colorindex = 0;
unsigned long timeLastColor = 0;
int targetRed = 0;
int targetGreen = 0;
int targetBlue = 0;
float deltaRed = 0;
float deltaGreen = 0;
float deltaBlue = 0;
boolean isFading = false;
unsigned long timeLastFade;
int fadeInterval = 10;
enum LEDmode {
  modeStart = 0,
  modeConnect,
  modeOnline,
  modeLaunch
};
int ledMode = modeStart;

// LCD format for LCD display
String formatn(int val)
{
  String ss = "      ";
  val = val % 100000;
  int negadj = (val < 0) ? 1 : 0;
  String sv = String(val);
  String s = ss.substring(sv.length()) + sv;
  return s;
}

// IC2 Send message to slave to activate igniter
void TriggerPin(int pin)
{
  int slavenum = pin / 20;
  ic2cmd_write_time sc;
  sc.addr = pin % 20;
  sc.time = 5000;

  Wire.beginTransmission(4 + slavenum);
  Wire.write(CMD_WRITE_TIMED);
  Wire.write((byte*)&sc, sizeof(sc));              // sends one byte
  Wire.endTransmission();    // stop transmitting
}

// IC2 send message to stop all igniters
void StopAll()
{
  for (int s=0; s<5; s++)
  {
    Wire.beginTransmission(4 + s);
    Wire.write(CMD_STOP_ALL);
    Wire.endTransmission();
  }
  for (int i=0; i<80; i++) igniterOn[i] = false;
}

// LED Strip Red White Blue pattern
void patternRWB(float shift, float bright)
{
//  shift = 0;
  for (byte i=0; i<16; i++)
  {
    float dist = fmod(fabs(shift + i),16);
    float cdist = dist / 2.0;
    int lcolor = int(cdist);
    int rcolor = (lcolor < 7) ? lcolor + 1 : 0;
    float lweight = 1 - (cdist - lcolor);
    float rweight = cdist - lcolor;
    byte r = byte(min((rwbR[lcolor] * lweight + rwbR[rcolor] * rweight) * bright, 127.0));
    byte g = byte(min((rwbG[lcolor] * lweight + rwbG[rcolor] * rweight) * bright, 127.0));
    byte b = byte(min((rwbB[lcolor] * lweight + rwbB[rcolor] * rweight) * bright, 127.0));
    colors[i * 3 + 1] = 0x80 | r;
    colors[i * 3 + 0] = 0x80 | g;
    colors[i * 3 + 2] = 0x80 | b;
  }
  for (int i = 0; i < 48; i++)
  {
    colors[48 + i] = colors[i];
  }
}

void HSVtoRGB( float *r, float *g, float *b, float h, float s, float v )
{
	int i;
	float f, p, q, t;

	if( s == 0 ) {
		// achromatic (grey)
		*r = *g = *b = v;
		return;
	}

	h /= 60;			// sector 0 to 5
	i = floor( h );
	f = h - i;			// factorial part of h
	p = v * ( 1 - s );
	q = v * ( 1 - s * f );
	t = v * ( 1 - s * ( 1 - f ) );

	switch( i ) {
		case 0:
			*r = v;
			*g = t;
			*b = p;
			break;
		case 1:
			*r = q;
			*g = v;
			*b = p;
			break;
		case 2:
			*r = p;
			*g = v;
			*b = t;
			break;
		case 3:
			*r = p;
			*g = q;
			*b = v;
			break;
		case 4:
			*r = t;
			*g = p;
			*b = v;
			break;
		default:		// case 5:
			*r = v;
			*g = p;
			*b = q;
			break;
	}
}

// PWM LED strip color fade to set value
void fadeTo(int r, int g, int b, int t)
{
  targetRed = r;
  targetGreen = g;
  targetBlue = b;
  float dt = t / fadeInterval;
  if (dt < 0.01) {
    deltaRed = (r - currentRed);
    deltaGreen = (g - currentGreen);
    deltaBlue = (b - currentBlue);
  } else {
    deltaRed = (r - currentRed) / dt;
    deltaGreen = (g - currentGreen) / dt;
    deltaBlue = (b - currentBlue) / dt;
  }
  isFading = true;
}

void DoLEDFade()
{
  if (isFading)
  {
    currentRed += deltaRed;
    currentGreen += deltaGreen;
    currentBlue += deltaBlue;
    int red = currentRed;
    int green = currentGreen;
    int blue = currentBlue;
    analogWrite(redPin, red);
    analogWrite(greenPin, green);
    analogWrite(bluePin, blue);
    if (red == targetRed) deltaRed = 0;
    if (green == targetGreen) deltaGreen = 0;
    if (blue == targetBlue) deltaBlue = 0;
    if ((red == targetRed) && (green == targetGreen) && (blue == targetBlue))
      isFading = false;
  }
}

void setup()
{
  // PC Serial setup
  Serial.begin(9600);

  // bluetooth serial setup
  Serial3.begin(9600);

  // LCD setup
  pinMode(24, OUTPUT);
  digitalWrite(24, 0);
  lcd.begin(16,2);
  // clear buffers
  memcpy(line1, 0, 16);
  memcpy(line2, 0, 16);
  memcpy(line3, 0, 16);
  // print ready message
  lcd.setCursor(0,0);
  lcd.print(welcome);

  // 2-Wire slave communication setup
  Wire.begin(); // join i2c bus (address optional for master)
  memset(x, 0, sizeof(x));
  x[0] = 1;
  x[1] = 1;
  for (int i=0; i<80; i++) igniterOn[i] = false;

  // SPI LED Strip setup
  SPI.begin();
  SPI.setClockDivider(SPI_CLOCK_DIV2);
  SPI.setBitOrder(MSBFIRST);
  rwbR[0] = 30; rwbG[0] = 0;  rwbB[0] = 0;
  rwbR[1] = 30; rwbG[1] = 0;  rwbB[1] = 0;
  rwbR[2] = 10; rwbG[2] = 10; rwbB[2] = 10;
  rwbR[3] = 10; rwbG[3] = 10; rwbB[3] = 10;
  rwbR[4] = 0;  rwbG[4] = 0;  rwbB[4] = 30;
  rwbR[5] = 0;  rwbG[5] = 0;  rwbB[5] = 30;
  rwbR[6] = 00; rwbG[6] = 00; rwbB[6] = 30;
  rwbR[7] = 30; rwbG[7] = 00; rwbB[7] = 00;
  patternRWB(0.0, 1.0);
}

void loop() {
  unsigned long timenow = millis();
  // Read input from bluetooth serial
  if (Serial3.available()) {
    char c = Serial3.read();
    Serial.write(c); // echo to PC
    if ((charpos == 16) || (c == 13)) {
      timeLastReceived = timenow;

      // if this is the 2sec heartbeat, throw away text reset row 3
      if (strncmp(line3, "Online", 6) == 0)
      {
        for (int i = 0; i < 16; i++) {
          line3[i] = 0;
          charpos = 0;
        }
      } else {

        // received end of line, shift line buffers
        for (int i = 0; i < 16; i++) {           line1[i] = line2[i];           line2[i] = line3[i];           line3[i] = 0;         }            // Refresh display         lcd.setCursor(0,0);         lcd.print("                ");         lcd.setCursor(0,0);         lcd.print(line1);         lcd.setCursor(0,1);         lcd.print("                ");         lcd.setCursor(0,1);         lcd.print(line2);         charpos = 0;            // Execute commands         if (strncmp(line2, "Launch ", 7) == 0)         {           int index = atoi(&line2[7]);           TriggerPin(index);           ledMode = modeLaunch;           colorindex = 0;            /* // No launch squencing for 2013           // check for launch sequence start           if (index == 76)           {             launchSequenceStarted = true;             launchSequenceIndex = 76;             timeLastSequence = timenow;           } */   //        Serial.write(line2);         } else if (strncmp(line2, "Stop", 4) == 0)         {   //        Serial.write("Stopping All\n");           StopAll();         }       }     }        // Add received character to buffer     if (c >= ' ' && c <= 'z') {       line3[charpos] = c;       charpos++;     }   }   // check for sequencing   if (launchSequenceStarted && (timenow - timeLastSequence > 20000))
  {
    timeLastSequence = timenow;
    launchSequenceIndex++;
    TriggerPin(launchSequenceIndex);
    ledMode = modeLaunch;
    colorindex = 0;
    if (launchSequenceIndex == 80)
      launchSequenceStarted = false;
  }

  // if we got a signal but in start mode switch to connect mode
  if ((ledMode == modeStart) && (timeLastReceived > 0) && (timenow - timeLastReceived < 500))   {     ledMode = modeConnect;     colorindex = 0;   }      if ((ledMode == modeOnline) && (timenow - timeLastReceived > 4000))
  {
    ledMode = modeStart;
    colorindex = 0;
  }
/*
  if (Serial.available())
    Serial3.write(Serial.read());
*/

//  lcd.setCursor(0,0);
//   lcd.print(formatn(timenow));

  // Once a second, get status from slaves and send over bluetooth
  if ((timenow - timeLastSent) >= 1000)
  {
//    Serial.write("Checking Slaves\n\r");
    // send updates once a second
    timeLastSent = timenow;
    Serial3.write("["); // framing value
    Serial3.write("2"); // System code

    for (int s = 0; s < 4; s++)
    {
      Wire.requestFrom(4 + s, 20);
      byte nread = 0;
      while (Wire.available())
      {
        byte b = Wire.read();
        Serial3.write('0' + b);
        nread++;
      }
      for (int i = nread; i < 20; i++)         Serial3.write('2');           }     Serial3.write("]\r\n"); // framing value   }      // PWM LED strip   if (timenow - timeLastFade > fadeInterval)
  {
    DoLEDFade();
    timeLastFade = timenow;
  }

  switch (ledMode) {

    case modeStart:
    {
      if ((timenow - timeLastColor) > 2000)
      {
         timeLastColor = timenow;
         colorindex++;
        if (colorindex >= 2) colorindex = 0;
        switch (colorindex)
        {
          case 0: fadeTo(0, 0, 0, 1600); break;
          case 1: fadeTo(0, 50, 0, 1600); break;
        }
      }
    } break;

    case modeLaunch:
    {
      if ((timenow - timeLastColor) > 100)
      {
         timeLastColor = timenow;
         switch (colorindex % 2)
         {
            case 0: fadeTo(80, 80, 80, 20); break;
            case 1: fadeTo(120, 0, 0, 20); break;
         }
         colorindex++;
        if (colorindex >= 30)
        {
          colorindex = 0;
          ledMode = modeOnline;
        }
      }
    } break;

    case modeConnect:
    {
      if ((timenow - timeLastColor) > 300)
      {
         timeLastColor = timenow;
         switch (colorindex)
         {
            case 0: fadeTo(0, 0, 100, 200); break;
            case 1: fadeTo(0, 0, 0, 100); break;
            case 2: fadeTo(0, 0, 100, 200); break;
            case 3: fadeTo(0, 0, 0, 100); break;
        }
         colorindex++;
        if (colorindex >= 3)
        {
          colorindex = 0;
          ledMode = modeOnline;
        }
      }
    } break;

    case modeOnline:
    {
      if ((timenow - timeLastColor) > 3000)
      {
        timeLastColor = timenow;
        colorindex++;
        if (colorindex >= 3) colorindex = 0;
        switch (colorindex)
        {
          case 0: fadeTo(100, 0, 0, 1500); break;
          case 1: fadeTo(50, 50, 50, 1500); break;
          case 2: fadeTo(0, 0, 100, 1500); break;
        }
      }
     } break;
  }

}